Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depressive illness, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings, including emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). It affects approximately 2.8% of adults in the United States, and can significantly impact a person’s daily life if not properly managed (National Institute of Mental Health, 2020). In this blog post, we will discuss the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for bipolar disorder.


Bipolar disorder symptoms can vary from person to person, but generally include episodes of mania and depression. During a manic episode, individuals may experience:

– Increased energy, activity, and restlessness
– Elevated mood, including feelings of euphoria or extreme happiness
– Racing thoughts and speech
– Decreased need for sleep
– Impulsivity and poor judgment
– Engaging in risky behaviors like substance abuse, reckless driving, or spending sprees

During a depressive episode, individuals may experience:

– Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness
– Loss of interest in activities they once enjoyed
– Fatigue and lack of energy
– Changes in appetite and sleep patterns
– Difficulty concentrating and making decisions
– Thoughts of suicide or self-harm


The exact cause of bipolar disorder is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Research suggests that individuals with a family history of bipolar disorder are more likely to develop the condition. Additionally, stressful life events, such as trauma or loss, can trigger the onset of symptoms in those who are predisposed to the disorder.


Treatment for bipolar disorder typically involves a combination of medication and therapy. Mood stabilizers, such as lithium or valproate, are commonly prescribed to reduce the frequency and severity of manic and depressive episodes. Antidepressants may also be used in conjunction with mood stabilizers during depressive episodes.

Psychotherapy, specifically psychodynamic therapy, can be an effective form of treatment for bipolar disorder. This type of therapy focuses on exploring the underlying emotional and psychological factors that contribute to the disorder. Through talk therapy, individuals can gain insight into their thoughts and behaviors, and learn coping strategies to manage their symptoms.

In addition to medication and therapy, self-care practices can also be helpful for managing bipolar disorder. These include:

– Establishing a regular sleep schedule
– Eating a healthy diet
– Engaging in regular exercise
– Avoiding alcohol and drugs
– Building a strong support system of family and friends


Bipolar disorder is a complex mental health condition that can significantly impact a person’s daily life if not properly managed. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for bipolar disorder is crucial for those who may be experiencing symptoms or have a loved one who is affected. If you or someone you know is struggling with bipolar disorder, please reach out for help. MindSol Wellness Center is here to support you on your journey towards mental wellness. Contact us at (941) 256-3725 or visit our website at to learn more about our psychotherapy counseling services.


National Institute of Mental Health. (2020). Bipolar Disorder. Retrieved from

Mayo Clinic. (2021). Bipolar Disorder. Retrieved from

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